Can Goats Eat Silage

Can Goats Eat Silage? (Solved!)

Can goats eat silage?

It’s a question that has sparked countless debates and left many (including myself) scratching their heads in confusion. 

So to get to the bottom of this, I decided to do a little research in my free time.

So, can goats eat silage? 

Yes, goats can eat silage, but it should be offered in moderation and as part of a balanced diet. Silage is fermented forage that can provide nutrition to goats, especially during times when fresh forage is scarce. 

In this article, we will explore the potential benefits this unconventional fodder may offer, while also examining the necessary precautions that need to be taken to ensure our goats’ well-being. 

Let’s begin!

Can Goats Eat Silage (Key Takeaways)

  • Goats can eat silage, but it should be given in moderation and as part of a balanced diet.
  • Silage is fermented forage that can provide nutritional value to goats, particularly when fresh forage is limited.
  • Ensure the silage is of good quality, free from mold, and safe for consumption.
  • Consult a veterinarian or animal nutritionist to determine the appropriate amount of silage for goats based on their specific dietary needs.
  • Silage can be a supplemental feed option, but it should not replace a varied diet of fresh forage, hay, and other essential nutrients.
  • Monitor goats for any adverse reactions to the silage and adjust their diet if needed.
  • Be cautious of the type of silage being offered, as certain plants or additives used in silage can be harmful to goats.
  • Providing access to fresh, clean water is crucial when feeding silage to goats.
  • Careful management of the goats’ diet and health is essential to ensure their well-being and productivity when incorporating silage.

What is Silage?

Can Goats Eat Silage

Silage is fresh pasture grass that has been chopped into tiny pieces and then packed tightly into a container or silo. 

This concoction is then sealed off from pesky oxygen and left to ferment for several weeks or months.

Nutritional Composition of Silage

Next, allow me to enlighten you about the nutritional composition of this delectable treat. 

First and foremost, silage is predominantly composed of fermented forage crops such as corn, grass, or alfalfa.

During the fermentation process, a miracle occurs: sugars are broken down by bacteria and converted into lactic acid. 

This lactic acid not only acts as a natural preservative but also bestows upon silage its tangy aroma and mouth-watering flavor.

But let’s dive deeper into the specifics of this goat-worthy feast. 

Silage is rich in carbohydrates, which serve as an energy powerhouse for our agile companions.

The breakdown of these carbs during digestion releases glucose, providing goats with the fuel they need to frolic about their pastures with unmatched vigor. 

Furthermore, silage contains ample amounts of fiber – essential for maintaining healthy digestive tracts in our ruminant friends.

Silage also boasts respectable protein content that can support your goats’ muscle development and overall growth. 

The amino acids within these proteins are the building blocks that nurture their bodies and keep them strong and hearty.

In addition to carbohydrates and proteins, Silage is chock full of vitamins and minerals? 

This verdant treasure trove holds an array of essential micronutrients like 

  • Vitamin A – promoting optimal vision
  • Vitamin E – boosting immune function
  • Calcium – crucial for strong bones
  • Potassium – ensuring proper nerve function. 

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Can Goats Eat Silage

So, can goats really eat this stuff? 

Well, unfortunately, it’s a bit of a grey area.

Silage is primarily made from fermented corn or grass, and while it may be a staple in the diets of cows and sheep, goats have a more discerning palate. 

Now, let’s dive into the nitty-gritty of why silage might not be the best option for our caprine friends.

First off, goats are natural browsers. 

They love to nibble on shrubs, weeds, and all sorts of greens they find in their environment.

Silage is quite different from their preferred diet as it is typically made from crops like corn that have undergone anaerobic fermentation. 

This process alters the nutritional profile of the plants and may not provide goats with all the essential nutrients they require.

Furthermore, silage can be quite high in moisture content due to its fermentation process. 

Goats are generally more susceptible to digestive issues when consuming feed with excessive moisture levels.

This can lead to bloating or even more serious conditions like rumen acidosis if not managed carefully. 

So while you can incorporate silage into their animals’ diets, caution must be exercised to ensure it does not cause any harm.

In my opinion, it would be wise to explore alternative options for feeding our goat companions that align more closely with their natural browsing instincts and dietary needs.

While some argue that goats can adapt to eating silage over time, I believe we should prioritize providing them with a varied diet that includes fresh forages such as hay and pasture plants. 

While silage may have its place on farms for other livestock species like cows or sheep, I would advise against making it a prominent part of a goat’s diet.

Feeding Silage to Goats

Now, let’s talk about how to feed silage to goats without causing any digestive issues or health problems. 

First and foremost, it’s crucial to introduce silage gradually into their diet.

Abruptly switching from one type of feed to another can upset their delicate digestive systems and lead to discomfort or even illness. 

Start by offering small amounts of silage mixed with their regular feed, gradually increasing the proportion over time.

When feeding silage to goats, it’s essential to monitor their intake carefully. 

While goats enjoy the taste and texture of silage, it should not become the sole component of their diet.

Silage is high in moisture content and carbohydrates but lacks certain essential nutrients that goats require for optimal health. 

Therefore, always ensure that they have access to other sources of forage such as fresh grass or hay.

Additionally, remember that freshness is key when it comes to feeding silage to goats. 

Silage that has been stored for too long may become moldy or develop harmful bacteria that could pose serious health risks for your goats.

Always inspect the quality of your silage before feeding it to them — trust me; they will thank you for your diligence! 

Considerations for a Balanced Goat Diet

When it comes to providing a balanced diet for our beloved goats, we must take into consideration various factors to ensure their optimal health and well-being. 

While silage can certainly be part of their diet, it should not be the sole focus or dominant component. 

Let’s not forget the importance of diversity and balance in their nutrition. 

First and foremost, goats are natural foragers with an incredibly diverse palate.

They thrive on a variety of browse, grasses, and shrubs. 

Their digestive systems have evolved to efficiently process fibrous materials with the help of specialized microbes.

So while silage may offer some nutritional benefits, it cannot replace the natural browsing habits that are essential for goats’ physical and mental stimulation. 

Furthermore, it is crucial to consider the quality of silage being offered to our goats.

Not all silages are created equal! 

Poorly made or moldy silage can have detrimental effects on their health.

Silage that undergoes inadequate fermentation or is contaminated with harmful bacteria poses risks such as acidosis or even botulism. 

Therefore, if we choose to incorporate silage into their diet, we must ensure its quality and freshness.

Silage alone cannot fulfill all their dietary requirements; it should be supplemented with other feedstuffs such as high-quality hay or pasture grazing to provide a well-rounded nutritional profile. 

Can Goats Eat Silage Bales?

Now, let’s talk about goats and silage bales.

Silage bales are made by tightly compressing fermented forage crops, such as corn or grass, into large bales for storage.

While this may sound like a convenient option to feed your goats during the winter or when fresh pasture is scarce, there are some significant considerations to keep in mind. 

First off, goats have a unique digestive system that requires a high-fiber diet.

Silage bales can be quite rich in energy and low in fiber content due to the fermentation process. 

This means that if goats were to consume large amounts of silage bales without access to enough roughage, it could lead to digestive issues like acidosis or even bloating.

So while goats can certainly nibble on bits of silage from bales as an occasional treat or supplement, it should never make up the bulk of their diet. 

Furthermore, not all types of silage are suitable for goat consumption.

Some farmers may use additives during the ensiling process that can be harmful to goats if ingested in excess. 

Additionally, certain crops used for making silage may contain high levels of nitrates or molds that could pose health risks to these curious creatures with voracious appetites.

While it may seem tempting to offer your goats those enticing silage bales as a substitute for fresh forage or hay during lean times, it’s crucial not to go overboard with this feeding practice. 

Can Goats Eat Corn Silage?

Now, when it comes to feeding goats corn silage, there are several factors we must consider. 

First and foremost is the nutritional composition of this fodder.

Corn silage is made from fermented whole corn plants or maize stalks and ears.

It is rich in energy and provides a significant amount of carbohydrates and fiber.

However, it is important to note that goats are ruminants with unique digestive systems. 

So, can goats eat corn silage?

Yes, they can! But here’s where things get tricky.

The high carbohydrate content in corn silage can pose some challenges for our beloved goat friends. 

Goats have a sensitive digestive system that thrives on a balanced diet containing appropriate levels of fiber and protein.

Excessive consumption of corn silage can lead to an imbalance in their rumen flora and potentially cause issues such as acidosis or even bloat. 

This means we must exercise caution when introducing this feed into their diets.

If you decide to incorporate corn silage into their feeding regime, make sure it only constitutes a small proportion of their overall diet. 

Balancing it out with other forages rich in fiber and providing adequate protein sources will help mitigate any potential digestive complications.

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How Much Silage Per Goat Per Day?

Next, let’s delve into the important question of how much silage goats should consume per day.

Now, it’s important to remember that goats have unique dietary requirements, and their consumption of silage should be carefully regulated. 

Silage is undoubtedly a valuable source of nutrition for these rambunctious creatures, but like everything else in life, moderation is key.

When determining the appropriate amount of silage for your goats, it is crucial to consider their age, size, and activity level. 

Younger goats who are still growing may require a higher intake compared to their fully mature counterparts.

Additionally, lactating does (or female goats) will need a larger quantity to support milk production. 

It is recommended that you consult with a knowledgeable veterinarian or a goat nutritionist who can assess your specific goat herd and provide tailored advice.

As an average guideline, adult goats typically consume around 2-4% of their body weight in dry matter per day. 

However, when it comes to feeding silage specifically, this percentage might vary slightly due to its different moisture content compared to dry feed alternatives.

Generally speaking though, aim for providing your goats with about 1-2 pounds of silage per day as part of their overall diet. 

It’s essential to keep in mind that while silage can be an excellent addition to your goat’s menu, it should not make up the entirety of their diet.

Goats are grazing animals by nature and thrive on diversity. 

A well-rounded diet includes various types of hay (such as timothy or alfalfa), fresh greens like clover or dandelion leaves (if available), and even some grain if appropriate for your specific herd’s needs.

How To Make Silage For Goats

Silage is not just a random pile of cut grass and crops left to ferment like some backyard science experiment gone wrong. 

No, it’s a carefully crafted process that ensures the nutritional value of the feed remains intact for our beloved goats.

So how do we make silage for goats? 

Well, first things first – you need to choose the right crops.

Now, I know there are countless opinions out there on what crops are best for silage production, but I’m here to tell you that nothing beats good old corn. 

Can Goats Eat Silage made from corn?


Corn silage is like goat heaven on earth; it’s packed with energy and nutrients that will keep those curious creatures satisfied and healthy.

Once you’ve chosen your crop – in this case, glorious corn – it’s time to harvest. 

Timing is everything when it comes to silaging for goats.

You want your crop at the perfect moisture level; too dry, and fermentation won’t happen correctly; too wet, and you’ll end up with a slimy mess that even the most ravenous goat would turn its nose up at. 

So watch those weather reports like a hawk and seize the opportune moment!

Now comes the crucial step: packing those harvested crops into an airtight container or pit. 

Compression is key here – you want to eliminate as much air as possible from your pile because oxygen can ruin all your hard work faster than you can say “bleating goats.” 

Use tractors or specialized machinery designed specifically for this purpose to pack down the crop tightly.

And voila! You’ve just created goat-friendly silage.

As you can see, making silage for goats is not for the faint of heart. It requires knowledge, skill, and a bit of agricultural finesse.


It is evident that goats can indeed eat silage and benefit from its nutritional value. 

Silage, with its high moisture content, provides goats with a succulent and flavorful diet option that can be easily digested. 

While some goat owners may have reservations about feeding silage to their animals, it is important to recognize the potential benefits it offers.

Silage hay is an excellent alternative for goat owners who want to supplement their animals’ diet with a nutritious forage option. 

While some may argue that goats should only consume fresh grass or hay, incorporating silage into their diet can provide additional nutrients and variety.

The key lies in moderation and ensuring the silage is of good quality. As for feeding bales of silage to goats, caution must be exercised.

While small amounts can be included as part of a balanced diet, relying solely on baled silage may not be ideal. 

The fermentation process in baled silage can lead to mold growth if not properly stored or handled, which poses health risks for the goats.

Therefore, it is advisable to primarily feed fresh or well-preserved silages rather than relying heavily on bales. 

Corn silage can also be a suitable choice for goats but should not constitute the majority of their diet due to its high starch content.

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How much silage can a goat eat?

The amount of silage a goat can eat depends on several factors, including the goat’s size, age, weight, and nutritional needs. Generally, silage can be offered as a supplement to a goat’s diet, and the quantity should be carefully controlled. It’s recommended to consult with a veterinarian or animal nutritionist to determine the appropriate amount of silage for each goat based on their specific requirements. Monitoring their health, body condition, and digestion is crucial to ensure they receive the right amount of nutrition without any negative effects.

Is corn silage good for goats?

Corn silage can be suitable for goats when fed in moderation and as part of a balanced diet. It provides energy and nutrients, making it a valuable supplemental feed. However, it’s important to ensure the corn silage is of high quality, properly fermented, and free from molds or toxins. Introducing corn silage slowly and monitoring the goats’ response is recommended. Additionally, corn silage should not replace the goats’ primary diet of fresh forage, hay, and other essential nutrients.

Is silage good for sheep and goats?

Silage can be beneficial for both sheep and goats when incorporated into their diet correctly. Silage provides a source of preserved forage, especially during periods when fresh forage is limited. However, the quality of the silage, proper fermentation, and moderation in feeding are crucial for its effectiveness. Consultation with a veterinarian or animal nutritionist is advised to determine the appropriate use of silage in the diet of sheep and goats. Monitoring the animals’ health, digestion, and overall well-being is essential to ensure that silage supports their nutritional needs without causing any harm.


I have a Masters degree in Communication and over 5 years working in PR. I have a wife and four children and love spending time with them on our farm. I grew up on a farm with cows, sheep, pigs, goats, you name it! My first childhood pet was a pig named Daisy. In my spare time, I love holding bbq parties for my friends and family

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